James Cole

DID NOT marry Mary Lobel.
(Her father was the famous physician Mathieu Lobel who studied the Lobelia plant and named it after himself)

Excerpt from email sent by Timothy Cole, Apr 2003:

The immigrant James Cole of Plymouth is the James Cole who appears in the parish registers in Barnstaple, England, as the groom and husband of Marye Tibbes whose family resided there for several generations. Any references to Mary Lobel as his wife or his having been born in London (which still could be true) come from sources recounted and repeated and repeated in the mid 1800's and for which there has never been tangible proof. Even E. B. Cole admits he had only repeated past allegations. As far as two marriages, there has never, ever been even a suggestion that James married twice, let alone proof of it or allegations to that effect. You must realize that the marriage registers at Barnstaple were not reviewed or copied until after E. B. Cole published his book, and these were not publicly known until "The Great Migration Begins" [was published] only a few years ago. Incidentally, more than one Cole researcher has gone to Barnstaple since then and verified the data. The births of James' and Marye's two sons are also recorded at Barnstaple, and these records are repeated in the parish records of Barnstable, Massachusetts, during the time James lived near Plymouth. Also, to my knowledge, James' birth place and date remain unknown.

re: "Great Migration Begins:"

Google (Jul 2003) gives 3440 hits for "Great Migration Begins," including some on-line searchable sites, and the author has a Great Migration newsletter (see Barnes and Noble web site).

The book was published in 1996 and is probably available at most large genealogical libraries:

The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633 by Robert Charles Anderson (Great Migration Study Project, New England Historic Genealogical Society) 1996, ISBN 088082042X

Also on CD (searchable) from Ancestry.com

The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-1633 CD (Win) Item #2089 ISBN: 1-888486-60-0

New England Immigrant Researchers, START HERE!

Conceived with the goal "to provide a concise, reliable summary of past research on the early immigrants to New England, which will reduce the amount of time which must be spent in discovering past work..." this impressive survey of over one thousand 17th Century immigrants is a MUST HAVE for anyone engaged in early New England research.

Millions of Americans can trace their Old World roots through these original American colonists. Each biographical "sketch" provides a wealth of information with citations to other sources, providing a foundation for further research.

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- Location from which the subject immigrated, date of migration, and the immigrant's first New England residence.

- Biographic information such as occupation, church membership, education, civil and military offices, and information about the immigrant's estate.

- Information particularly valuable for family history research, including the immigrant's children and dates of births, deaths, and marriages.

- Information that doesn't fit under any other section and detailed argumentation needed to prove portions of the profile. The argumentation can establish the identity of a spouse or the complete list of an immigrant's children. The fifth section of a profile lists the most important published treatments of the immigrant and offers a brief evaluation of each source.

Data is gleaned from a variety of sources including: Passenger Lists; Lists of Freemen; Colony & Court Records; Notarial Records; Town Records; Vital Records; Land Records; Church Records; Journals & Letters; Other miscellaneous sources

 JAMES COLE was born 25 Jul 1600 in Highgate, London, England, and died 1688 in Plympton, Plymouth, MA.  He married  MARY TIBBES 08 May 1625 in Barnstaple, Devonshire, England, daughter of JOHN TIBBES and MARGARET HARRIS.  She was born Abt. 1605.

 James Cole DID NOT marry Mary Lobel. (Her father was the famous physician Mathieu Lobel who studied the Lobelia plant and named it after himself.) SeeTimothy Cole note below; also: http://meiszen.net/family/tree/manly/loretta/j_cole_anc.htm

= = =

fom "First Families" 1-005 (which also lists Mary Lobel as wife of James Cole):

= James and Hugh [the two oldest children of James and Mary]  were probably born in London. They came to Saco, Maine, in 1632, and the following year, 1633, located in Plymouth MA where he was admitted as Freeman the same year. He was known as a sailor. His name appears upon the tax list of Plymouth in 1634; Jan 2, 1636, he had a grant of ten acres of land; Jan 2, 1637, the court deeded him seven acres of land to belong to his dwelling house. Three acres of land probably included all the land on the south side of Leydon Street, from the corner of Warren Street to the westerly line of the lot opposite the Universalist Church. His dwelling stood on the lot next below the Baptist Church. He was the first settler of and lived upon what is still known as "Coles HIll," the first burial ground of the Pilgrims. This land probably included the ground upon which rests Plymouth Rock. In September, 1641, he had a grant of fifty acres of land at Lakenham Meadow. In October, 1642, he had a further grant of land at the same place. In 1662 a grant of land at Sacconet Neck. In 1665 he had thirty acres of land on the west side of the Namuet River. He was survryor of highways in the years, 1641, 42, 51, and 52; was Constable in 1641 and 1644. In 1637 his name appears upon a list of volunteers against the Pequot Indians. Soon after his arrival at Plymouth he opened the first inn or public house of Plymouth, and one of if not the first, public house in New England. This house was kept as a public house by him and his son James until 1698.

= In 1688 he sold to his son James the land down to and including the lot upon which stands the Baptist Church. In 1689 his son James sold it to William Shurtliffe.

= = =

Timothy Cole (email Mar 2001):

The evidence concerning James Cole and Marye Tibbes, in which this James Cole is the James Cole of Plymouth and the founder of our particular line of Cole's is quite firm and accepted on both sides of the Atlantic.

Barnstaple Parish Register of Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538 to 1812 [Exeter 1903 by Thomas Wainwright]: "James Coale married Mary Tibbes in Barnstaple 8 [not 1] May 1625"  -- Note: apparently the May 1 date is entered in the IGI and is published in The Great Migration Begins, but the actual record, which I obtained in Exeter, says May 8. "James, son of James Coale, was bapt. in Barnstaple 11 Feb 1626/7 Hugh, son of James Coales, was bapt. in Barnstaple 29 June 1628 -- this record is particularly hard to read." The previously published and oft-repeated information about James Cole being from London and marrying Mary Lobel was incorrect.

NEHGR 115 [1961]: 255-56, "English Background of Three New England Families" by McClure M. Howland showed that a search of church registers did in fact turn up a marriage, 16 Dec. 1605, between Jacques Coole and Louye de Lobel, daughter of Matias. This year of 1605 is much too early for our James Cole whom I have as being born ca 1600.

It is documented in "The Great Migration Begins" by Robert Charles Anderson and published by the New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1996 ( ISBN 088082042X). Until this publication, the parrish registers from Barnstaple, Devonshire, England, had not been published. They clearly show the marriage of James and Marye and the birth of their two oldest children which match the parish registers showing James and Marye and their children in Plymouth, Mass. And there evidently is a one-line topical entry in the Plymouth registers that says "James, whose wife is Marye Tibbes..." The evidence for a James Cole marrying Mary Lobel (deLobel, deLoebel, etc.) is found in a single source, in French, and is not clear about the parentage of Mary Lobel, nor that of James.

 Children of JAMES COLE and MARY TIBBES are:

        i.        JAMES3 COLE, JR, b. 11 Feb 1626, London, England; d. 04 Oct 1712, Plymouth, Plymouth, MA; m. (1) MARY TILSON, 23 Dec 1652, Scituate, Plymouth, MA; m. (2) ABIGAIL DAVENPORT, Aft. 1663.

Inn keeper

= WFT V 03 # 1124: Abt. 1632 came to Saco, Me; 1633 went to Plymouth MA. = James Cole came with his father from England to Plymouth MA. in 1633. He moved to Scituate MA and from there to York ME and probably from there to Kennebunk ME where he remained but a short time, as he was admitted as Feeman of Plymouth MA in 1654. Was Surveyor of Highways in Plymouth in 1656; he held this office again in 1678 and 1685. He was the Representative for Plymouth in 1690. He purchased property from his father in 1668, including the  in or public house, which business he kept for many years. Judge Sewell in his diary under date of Mar 8 1698, says; "I get to Plymouth about noon and stop at Coles. This house was built by Governor Winslow and is the oldest in Plymouth."

= I cannot tell from the Cole Genealogy whether the children were all from his marriage with Mary Tilson or if some were from the marriage with Abigail Davenport.

         ii.        HUGH COLE, b. Abt. 1630, London, England; d. 22 Jan 1699, Swansea, Bristol, MA; m. (1) MARY FOXWELL, 08 Jan 1655, Swansea, Bristol, MA; b. 17 Aug 1635, Scituate, Plymouth, MA; d. Abt. 1689, Swansea, Bristol, MA; m. (2) ELIZABETH LETTICE, 01 Jan 1689; b. 1636, England; d. 31 Oct 1693, Swansea, Bristol, MA.; m. (3) MARY SHELLY, 30 Jan 1694.

Source: UA RECORD #:98-334 - CRA = WFT V 03 # 1124: Bur at Tyler Point Cem, Barrington RI.

= The following appears upon the Plymouth records: = "Apr 8,1634 it was agreed with James cole that his son Hugh shall keep the cowes from Apr 15 to November and shall have for his pay fifty bushels of corn. He shall bring them up every morning to be milked and then carry back to feed and bring them home at night."

= He was made surveyor of highways at Barnstable and granted 100 acres of land at Acushauett.

= In 1667 with others he purchased of King Phillip 500 acres of land on the west bank of what was named for him, Coles River. ["King Philip, the son of Massasoit and chief of the Wampanoag." - The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition, copyright 2003]

= He was a shipwright and Civil Engineer, and many of the tracts of land of Swansea were surveyed by him. He was a Selectman of Swansea for many years, and was Representative and Deputy To the General Court in the years, 1773, 74, 75, 80, 83, 84, 85, 86, and 89.

= He was for years the friend of King Phillip [Indian chief]. Having been requested by the Plymouth Colony Council to visit King Phillip and report the conditions made the following. "Swansea Apr 1, 1671. Most Honorable Sirs; - Yours I received this day whereby I perceive you desire to know what posture the Indians are in. I do not find them to continue in a posture of war as they have been. I went to Mount Hope last Second Day on purpose to see their proceedings and was in many of their houses, but saw nothing as intending to war. But asking them of Their reason of continuing together at Mt. Hope, they answered, it was to see Phillip's child buried, and I have seen some return but the greater part of them are together. And they gave as the reason because the wind does so blow against them that they cannot go home with their canoes - not else. Rest assured I am yours to command what I am able."

= Oct 27, 1669 "Hugh Cole was granted fifty acres of land lying between Manneonest Point and Salt Marsh with all the appurtenances thereunto belonging unto him and his heirs forever." (page 149, Vol. 3 Plymouth Records).

= He was granted by the Court respecting his father's grant, he being an ancient freeman, six score acres of land between the Mattapoiset River and the bounds of Acushassett. In June, 1675 at the commencement of the war with King Phillip, two of Hugh Cole's sons were made prisoners by the Indians and taken to Phillip at Mount Hope. Phillp ordered them set at liberty because as he said Hugh Cole had always been his friend. He sent word to Hugh that he could no longer restrain his warriors, and for him to take his family and immediately remove to Rhode Island. This he did and one hour afterward his home was in flames. While he had been on such friendly terms with Phillip, his was the first house burned and Gershom Cole was the first person killed. After leaving his home Hugh Cole located at Portsmouth, RI. The town records of Portsmouth show that, Oct 12, 1675, Hugh Cole was granted liberty to use some of the windfalls that are down to build a small frame and to make wheels for the use of the townsmen for their money. Savage says "Hugh was a Sargeant in the war against King Phillip." After the war in his election as Representative he is always spoken of as Sergeant. After the close of the war, 1677, he returned to Swansea and built a house a few rods from where Miss Abby Cole now lives (in 1900). The well walled by him on the bank of the Kickemuit River is still there. This part of the land has descended by will, no deed having been made for it; it has never passed out of possession of the Cole family and is now owned by Miss Abby Cole. Part of the land owned by him in Swansea is now a part of Warren. RI. He died in Swansea , Jan 22 1699 and was buried in the southern extreme of Meadow Neck, now known as Howland Meadow in Barrington in what is known as the Tyler Point cemetery. He had ten children; the first seven were born in Plymouth, the other three in Swansea.

         iii.        JOHN COLE, b. 21 Nov 1637, Plymouth, Plymouth, MA; d. Aft. 1695, Swansea, Bristol, MA; m. ELIZABETH RYDER, 21 Nov 1667; b. Yarmouth, Barnstable, MA; d. Aft. 1695.

WFT V 03 # 1124: He was one of the original proprietors of Swansea MA, signing the agreement at the organization of the Town. June 6 the following appears: "Ordered by the Court, in regard to the estate of John Cole. Forasmuch as the estate is small, and there being four small children to bring up, that the whole personal estate be settled upon his widow for the bringing up of the children, and the profits of the land until the children become of age. In case there shall be necessity for the bringing up of the children, then some of the land shall be sold by further advice and leave of the Court. All lands left shall be disposed to the two sons, a small legacy being allowed the two daughters." While this Order of the Court speaks of two daughters, there is no record to be found of more than one.

         iv.        MARY COLE, b. Abt. 1639, Plymouth, Plymouth, MA.

WFT V 03 # 1124: Mary Cole died without children.